Unfortunately, most regular citizens have very little knowledge on the processes needed to take these unrefined resources and turn them into workable items. One large factor hindering the understanding of the industry is the unfamiliar jargon.
While subsea developments have been made possible by technologies such as subsea trees, ROVs, risers and umbilicals, subsea processing has been an elusive solution for many years. Whether describing subsea separation, re-injection or boosting, subsea processing has helped to revolutionize offshore developments worldwide.
Subsea processing can encompass a number of different processes to help reduce the cost and complexity of developing an offshore field.
The main types of subsea processing include subsea water removal and re-injection or disposal, single-phase and multi-phase boosting of well fluids, sand and solid separation, gas/liquid separation and boosting, and gas treatment and compression.
Midstream: Transportation and Storage
Midstream overlaps both the upstream and the downstream sectors and is often left out of the conversation entirely. Regardless, transporting and storing the discovered oil and gas are the main objectives of the midstream process.
When transportation begins, there are many different methods of transportation that may be used such as trucks, barges, rail, or pipeline.
Once the transportation is complete, the natural resources can be stored until they are ready to be refined and worked into usable goods.
Downstream: Finishing the Product
Much larger in scope, oil and gas companies refer to "downstream," in reference to the last of the three major sectors. Downstream is the distribution and marketing of the finished products obtained from the crude oil and natural gas.
The downstream process pushes finished products such as gas, lubricants, waxes, fuel, and kerosene out of storage and into the marketplace.
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